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Fake News: To Learn More...

Read More About Fake News

Web sites:

From Headline to Photograph, a Fake News Masterpiece

Fake Or Real? How To Self-Check The News And Get The Facts

NYT: Media’s Next Challenge: Overcoming the Threat of Fake News

NYT: Google and Facebook Take Aim at Fake News Sites

WaPo: For the ‘New Yellow Journalists,’ Opportunity Comes in Clicks and Bucks

NYT: Fixation on Fake News Overshadows Waning Trust in Real Reporting

Snopes: We Have a Bad News Problem, Not a Fake News Problem

NYT: How Fake News Goes Viral: A Case Study

Lies, Damn Lies and Viral Content: How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Misinformation (160pp report) How to Spot Fake News

Stanford History Education Group: Report on Evaluating Information

The Conversation: Hard Evidence: How Does False Information Spread Online?

Avoid These Fake News Sites at All Costs

Reports from Harvard and other universities:

Fake news and the spread of misinformation

From the Shorenstein Center at the Harvard Kennedy School, links to peer-reviewed articles.

NiemanReports: Election '16: Lessons for Journalism

From the Nieman Foundation at Harvard; several articles on fake news and news literacy

Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning

Stanford University study on high school and college students (lack of) news literacy

Lies, Damn Lies and Viral Content: How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Misinformation

Report from Tow Center for Digital Journalism, Columbia University

Selected News Articles:

Media's Next Challenge: Overcoming the Threat of Fake News (New York Times)

For the 'new yellow journalists', opportunity comes in clicks and bucks (Washington Post)

This Analysis Shows How Fake Election News Stories Outperformed Real News On Facebook (Buzzfeed)

Sites for Journalists:

Journalist's Toolbox

Other Resources

Great Free Online Books!

About Deepfakes.

Advances in artificial intelligence could soon make creating convincing fake audio and video – known as “deepfakes” – relatively easy. Making a person appear to say or do something they did not has the potential to take the war of disinformation to a whole new level. Check out the CNN interactive site for examples.

Political Polarization & Media Habits

When it comes to getting news about politics and government, liberals and conservatives inhabit different worlds. There is little overlap in the news sources they turn to and trust. And whether discussing politics online or with friends, they are more likely than others to interact with like-minded individuals, according to a 2014 Pew Research Center study.

How Fake News Goes Viral

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