Skip to main content

Citation Guide (MLA 8th Edition): ANNOTATIONS

Learning Goal

Otis graduates will be able to assemble, evaluate, and ethically use information from diverse sources to accomplish a specific purpose.

The world of information is constantly changing. Today we are more than just consumers. We are now also creators of new knowledge and information.

Information literacy is a set of skills and practices that support your ability to think critically about the information you use and create.

Information literacy is a way of knowing and thinking about all the kinds of information you encounter. To be information literate requires that you develop habits of mind that engage you in a self-directed, critical self-reflection about ways you learn what you don't know. These are important skills for any educated person and it has been identified by employers as an important skill desired of college graduates as they enter the job market. (What Employers Want)

Not All Information is Created Equal!

Once you have found information that meets your information need, you need to analyze and evaluate these information sources. Evaluating information encourages you to think critically about the reliability, validity, accuracy, authority, timeliness, point of view or bias of information sources.

Types of Sources and Information

Criteria for Evaluating Information

Fake News

Rubric for Information Literacy

Annotation Builder

Use this form to help you write your annotations. It is designed to help remind you what needs to be included.

Sample Annotations: The Otis Way

SAMPLES of annotations for other types of information

Zemel, Carol. "Sorrowing Women, Rescuing Men: Van Gogh's Images of Women and Family." Art History, vol. 10, no. 3, Sept. 1987, p. 351. Art & Architecture Source.

[Author Credentials] Carol Zemel is an art historian with a PhD from Columbia University. She has authored many books and articles in art journals. She was a Professor in the Department of Visual Art & Art History at New York University. 
[Audience/Type of Information] Art History is a peer-reviewed journal. The audience for it is art historians and probably undergraduate majors in art history. The article is an in-depth discussion (24 pages) on the topic. It contains only black and white illustrations. Otherwise, the text is mostly text-based with lots of footnotes and a bibliography.
[Bias / Point of View] The author has a feminist focus, and she uses historical information to demonstrate that VG's paintings of women reflected society views on female sexuality and prostitution. She argues that he viewed prostitutes as fallen women who could be saved through a proper domestic life.  The author questions the 19th century male assumption of what all women inherently wanted.
[Content / Coverage / Scope] This article narrowly focuses on Van Gogh's paintings of women and family and deeply analyzes these.
[Currency of the Source] This article was published in 1987, which was after the feminist theory had been well developed so that perspective is included. There were a couple of other articles about Van Gogh and women that I can also use as a comparison.
[Relevance to Paper] This article discusses the images of women and family in the paintings Vincent van Gogh. I was interested in Van Gogh’s views about women and there was a substantial number of examples and theories of Van Gogh’s view about women that I can use in my paper.

Sample Annotation #3

Sample Annotation #3

Wallace, Amy, and Tim Burton. "Tim Burton /." Los Angeles Magazine 56.5 (2011): 38-40. OmniFile Full Text Select (H.W. Wilson). Web. 11 June 2015.
[Author Credentials] Amy Wallace is an award-winning journalist whose work has appeared many well-known popular magazines including GQ, The New Yorker, Vanity Fair, Esquire, and Elle. She spent four years as a Senior Writer at Los Angeles Magazine and is now Editor-at-Large. 
[Audience/Type of Information] Los Angeles Magazine is a large-circulation popular magazine. Tim Burton has mass appeal, so this could be classified at General Interest/Substantial News.
[Purpose / Bias / Point of View] I think the point of view is promotional. Essentially, the publication promotes people or activities associated with Los Angeles. In this case, Burton was having an exhibition at LACMA.
[Relevance to Paper]  This article is very short, but Burton does discuss his involvement with Los Angeles, his education at CalArts and his exhibition at LACMA. It gave me some basic facts, but not much more.

allace, Amy, and Tim Burton. "Tim Burton /." Los Angeles Magazine 56.5 (2011): 38-40. OmniFile Full Text Select (H.W. Wilson). Web. 11 June 2015.
[Author Credentials] Amy Wallace is an award-winning journalist whose work has appeared many well-known popular magazines including GQ, The New Yorker, Vanity Fair, Esquire, and Elle. She spent four years as a Senior Writer at Los Angeles Magazine and is now Editor-at-Large. 
[Audience/Type of Information] Los Angeles Magazine is a large-circulation popular magazine. Tim Burton has mass appeal, so this could be classified at General Interest/Substantial News.
[Purpose / Bias / Point of View] I think the point of view is promotional. Essentially, the publication promotes people or activities associated with Los Angeles. In this case, Burton was having an exhibition at LACMA.
[Relevance to Paper]  This article is very short, but Burton does discuss his involvement with Los Angeles, his education at CalArts and his exhibition at LACMA. It gave me some basic facts, but not much more.
Wallace, Amy, and Tim Burton. "Tim Burton /." Los Angeles Magazine 56.5 (2011): 38-40. OmniFile Full Text Select (H.W. Wilson). Web. 11 June 2015.
[Author Credentials] Amy Wallace is an award-winning journalist whose work has appeared many well-known popular magazines including GQ, The New Yorker, Vanity Fair, Esquire, and Elle. She spent four years as a Senior Writer at Los Angeles Magazine and is now Editor-at-Large. 
[Audience/Type of Information] Los Angeles Magazine is a large-circulation popular magazine. Tim Burton has mass appeal, so this could be classified at General Interest/Substantial News.
[Purpose / Bias / Point of View] I think the point of view is promotional. Essentially, the publication promotes people or activities associated with Los Angeles. In this case, Burton was having an exhibition at LACMA.
[Relevance to Paper]  This article is very short, but Burton does discuss his involvement with Los Angeles, his education at CalArts and his exhibition at LACMA. It gave me some basic facts, but not much more.

Otis College of Art and Design | 9045 Lincoln Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90045 | Otis Dashboard

Millard Sheets Library | Library Dashboard Site | 310-665-6930 | Ask a Librarian